Test WG summary module GPWG2

Summary

The Global Paleofire Working Group (GPWG) develops and analyses fire history records using the Global Charcoal Database (GCD) in order to understand what controls fire and its impacts on a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. We employ diverse data sources, an open-access database, statistical tools, and models.
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Twitter: https://twitter.com/PaleofireWG

Goals

- Understand how and why fire history has varied in different biomes since the last glacial period.
- Identify best practices for using fire history data to inform modern risk assessment and management practices.
- Use data and models to understand how changing disturbance regimes alter species composition and distributions under changing climate and land-use conditions.
- Integrate diverse datasets and models to understand how human activities and climate changes shape and respond to changing fire patterns.

Key findings

- Fire has generally increased as global temperatures have warmed since the Last Glacial period, especially in temperate latitudes.
- The spatial expression of burning has become much more variable throughout the Holocene, as humans increasingly altered fire regimes.
- A key challenge for scientists using sediment-based fire-history reconstructions is to conduct more calibration studies, so that fire history changes can be better quantified.

Leaders

Chair: Boris Vannière (CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, France)
Co-chair: Jennifer Marlon (Yale University, USA)

Timeline

Launch
 
 
Synthesis
 
 
 
 
2016
  2017
  2018
  2019

Highlights

Vannière B, Blarquez O, Rius D, Doyen E, Brücher T, Colombaroli D, Connor S, Feurdean A, Hickler T, Lemmen C, Leys B, Massa C & Olofsson J (2016) 7000-year human legacy of elevation-dependent European fire regimes. Quaternary Science Reviews 132: 206–212, DOI:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.012 (link)
 
Marlon JR, Kelly R, Daniau A-L, Vannière B, Power MJ, Bartlein P, Higuera P, Blarquez O, Brewer S, Brücher T, Feurdean A, Gil Romera G, Iglesias V, Maezumi SY, Magi B, Courtney Mustaphi CJ & Zhihai T (2016) Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data–model comparisons , Biogeosciences 13 (11): 3225-3244, DOI:10.5194/bg-13-3225-2016 (link)